Policy Towards Fiji
U.S. Policy Towards Fiji: Section 7008
Under Section 7008 of the U.S. Foreign Operations Appropriations Act, when a country undergoes a military coup, the United States government is required by law to take action and review its assistance programs directed to that country to determine which remain relevant to U.S. policy, and which should be suspended. The United States is restricted from providing aid such as foreign military financing, International Military Education and Training grants, peacekeeping operations, and military aid that falls under Section 1206 of the of the 2006 Defense Authorization law.
U.S. law stipulates that “until and unless the president and … the secretary of state is able to determine that there is a democratically-elected government in place, these funds and these programs will be suspended.”
However, certain aid programs that fall outside the confines of Section 7008 may not be suspended, such as programs that deal with environmental issues, health issues such as HIV/AIDS and avian flu, counterproliferation, supporting refugees and support to non governmental organizations (NGOs). It is important to note that this sanctions policy is mandated by U.S. law, non-discriminatory and non-discretionary, and must be applicable globally to all such regimes. Just as U.S. sanctions policy is mandated by U.S. law, non-discriminatory and non-discretionary, and must be applicable globally, so too should Article 41 of the Vienna Convention. The U.S. deplores arbitrary interpretation of the Vienna Convention.
"None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available pursuant to this Act shall be obligated or expended to finance directly any assistance to the government of any country whose duly elected head of government is deposed by military coup or decree: Provided, That assistance may be resumed to such government if the President determines and certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that subsequent to the termination of assistance a democratically elected government has taken office: Provided further, That the provisions of this section shall not apply to assistance to promote democratic elections or public participation in democratic processes: Provided further, That funds made available pursuant to the previous provisos shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations."
(For the full Act, please click here.)